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Emergency Preparedness Essentials
 

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Emergency First Aid Kit

One of the basic items required to face any emergency or disaster is an emergency first aid kit. Again, the first thing to address when facing an emergency is safety--and the most important aspect of safety is physical safety. If you'll make sure to have basic first aid supplies you'll be much better preparer and have the peace of mind you and your love ones will be able to recover when hurt.

It's also important to have a basic knowledge of emergency first aid. Once you've compiled an emergency first aid kit you should look into taking a first aid class. The items listed below will help you stop bleeding, prevent infection and decontaminate wounds and materials that may spread disease.
  • Sterilized dressings that can be used to stop bleeding
  • Latex, surgical or other type of sterilized gloves to keep your hands clean and wounds sterile
  • Agents for cleansing such as soap or antibiotic towelettes
  • Antibiotic spray or ointment for a applying to exterior cuts, abrassions and wounds
  • Ointment specialized formulated for treating minors burns
  • A large selection of adhesive bandages and bandaids
  • A solution for flushing eyes or that can be used as a general decontaminant
  • Thermoeter for reading temparature
  • You'll also want to make sure your kit includes any prescription medications you take (e.g., heart medicine, insulin, asthma inhaler, etc.) Also make sure not to let any medications go stale. You'll want to check expiration dates periodically and rotate your medications
  • Make sure to include any equipment or other medical supplies you need to address current medical conditions you or your family members might be experiencing
  • General equipment that any first aid kits should have include Scissors, Tweezers, and a lubricant (preferrably petroleum jelly)
In addition to any prescription drugs you and/or any of your family members require, there are basic non-prescription drugs that should be included in your emergency first aid kit. These include the following:
  • Aspirin or non-aspirin pain reliever (one for adults and one for children)
  • Anti-diarrhea medication (pepobismal, etc.)
  • Laxative
  • Antacid
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